Effects of police corruption on transnational organized crimes in Nairobi County, Kenya
Ndiwa, Pius Kipyego
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The law enforcements are among the most paramount institutions within the society. They have the sole mandate of protecting the citizens even when that entails the utilization of aggression/violence. However, addressing the proliferation of transnational organized crimes has been a serious challenge within the policing fraternity. This study sought to evaluate the effect of police corruption on transnational organized crimes in Nairobi County, Kenya. The study was guided by the following objectives: - to examine forms of police corruption in Kenya, establish the challenges facing police corruption management and to analyze the opportunities of policing anti-corruption approaches on transnational organized crimes in Nairobi County. Public Choice and Broken Windows theories guided this research. It used mixed method techniques which integrate elements of both quantitative and qualitative techniques. The study targeted officers from departments namely; Cyber Crime Unit and Forensic Unit, Serious Crime Unit, Anti-narcotics Unit, Ballistic Unit, Anti-Terrorism Unit, Special Crime Prevention Unit, Anti-banking Fraud and land fraud unit. The DCI headquarters has a total population of 374 officers. Others include key informants from the ethics and Anti-corruption Commission (EACC), Independent Police Oversight Authority (IPOA), Ombudsman office and the Office of Directorate of Public Prosecutions totaling. The sample size of the study were 112 respondents. This study utilized stratified and snowballing sampling techniques. The study used questionnaire and an interview guide. Data collected from the field was analyzed using descriptive statistics. This study noted that bribery was the leading form of corruption within the policing fraternity while political influence was established to be among the leading challenges of addressing corruption within the NPS. Finally, this study noted that 36 (37.5%) of the respondents cited that civic education was one of the leading platforms being used in addressing the challenge of police corruption in the country and its subsequent effect on TOCs. In addition to this, 30(31.25%) of the respondents cited anti-corruption seminars, 16(16.67%) of the respondents cited corruption incidence reporting, 9(9.38%) indicated amendments of legal framework while 5(5.2%) of the respondents cited community policing. The findings implies that there is a need to sensitize the public on the possible implications of police corruption on TOCs and national security in the country. The response from Key informant interviews noted that such exercise should be conducted semi-annually by bringing all the stakeholders on board. In this regard, senior police officers and other ranks in Kenya need to engage periodically in regular trainings in a bid to improve their knowledge and comprehension levels in regard to organization rules. This will assist in lowering the various forms of police corruption such as bribery and extortion in the country as well as subsequent effect on TOCs. The study recommends finally that it is paramount to make ethics as not only to be taught in the police academy but more so be viewed to be practiced by the officers charged with the noble but daunting task of administering security in the country.
Africa Nazarene University